Do we need the Jews to set up a righteous non-Jewish court?
This article was inspired by a friend of mine. I want to at least make mention of him to respect the part he had to play in its writing. I’m NOT saying he agrees with everything that I write or believe, only that he helped me see some truths that go into this article. HRV, I’m grateful to you, man.
So the title itself should answer itself, right? With regards to whether we need the orthodox Jews or the rabbis or a Sanhedrin to sanction or allow a Gentile (simply meaning “non-Jewish”) court to judge and penalise according to the seven laws for humanity, the simple answer would seemingly be “no”. The Jews judge those under their jurisdiction and each of the other nations judge those under theirs, one not needing the peimission of the other.
It would seem simple, right?
And in light of that conclusion, this would mean that the law of Justice from the divine Gentile laws isn’t as theoretical as some would have us believe, as it is always in the power, within the reach, of a group of Gentiles to begin to apply God’s principles to our communities in a legal sense.
To those Gentiles who read/study the Talmud or the Mishneh Torah, this shouldn’t be any new news to you because of statements like the following:
But R. Aha b. Jacob answered thus: The Baraitha informs us that they were commanded to set up law courts in every district and town. But were not the sons of Noah likewise commanded to do this? Surely it has been taught: Just as the Israelites were ordered to set up law courts in every district and town, so were the sons of Noah likewise enjoined to set up law courts in every district and town! (Babylonian Talmud, Tractate Sanhedrin 56b, found at https://halakhah.com/sanhedrin/sanhedrin_56.html)
What must they do to fulfill their requirement regarding the Law of Justice? They have to set up magistrates and judges in each district to judge the people with regard to these Six Commandments; and they must issue warnings (about them) to the people. (Mishneh Torah, Book of Judges, Laws of Kings and their Wars, Chapter 9, halakhah 14, can be found at https://www.sefaria.org/Mishneh_Torah,_Kings_and_Wars.9?lang=bi or https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/1188354/jewish/Melachim-uMilchamot-Chapter-9.htm)
It should be clear from these quotes that we Gentiles set up these courts ourselves and implement the laws ourselves with no reference to Jewish oversight or some obligation to get rabbinic permission.
But, with help from that good friend, there is support for this conclusion and teaching from The Divine Code which seems to reveal implications that contradict the notion that the law of Justice is merely or only theoretical. This information can be found on pages 424 and 425 of the Divine Code, in footnote 151. It says as follows.
It appears that for Gentiles, this does not depend on having a valid Sanhedrin court (which has not existed since before the destruction of the Second Temple). This is because Gentiles can be judged by their contemporary Gentile courts even regarding the death penalty. Therefore, within Torah Law, it is permitted nowadays from the outset for a blood-redeemer to kill a murderer, as explained in this chapter (although secular law may forbid this).
Rabbi Zalman Nehemiah Goldberg notes that it appears that there is no need for any judge of Noahide law (even those who judge cases that involve the death penalty) to be ordained from teacher to student in an unbroken chain back to Moses. [Such was the ordination, or semiĥa, of the Jewish Sages from the time that Moses received the Torah Law on Mount Sinai, through the time of the writing and finalization of the Talmud, and this is known as the classical semiĥa. Due to persecutions and hardships, the ability to continue this process stopped after the fourth or fifth century C.E.] Hence, any Jewish or Gentile judge can sentence a convicted Gentile to the death penalty if he is liable for this, even nowadays.
This footnote just emphasizes the truth that not only can Gentile court cases, even in courts made by Gentiles who uphold the seven laws, decide on transgressions of the seven laws without Sanhedrin santion or allowance or permission, but also those judgements can be done right now. Yes, I said right now!
Maybe a shiver ran up the spine of Gentiles, both for Torah and against, who hold ridiculous notions of the seven laws, that they are akin to the Muslim sharia law. Those people may realise that the only thing stopping Gentiles from taking control of the situation with regards to making the seven commandments international reality is not the Jews, but rather we ourselves hinder the progress, either through ignorance, fear or oppression of unrighteous governments, such as those of the UK and USA.
But I know, this current global “community” is not ready, nor would it be willing. Other agendas are given more importance than objective morality. That’s the way it is. But the fact is that maybe, just maybe, the law of Justice isn’t as purely theoretical as some would have us believe.
Maybe it’s closer to hand than we realise.